Home » Black History » Today In Charleston History: June 22

Today In Charleston History: June 22

1663-Founding of Carolina

Capt. Robert Sandford, exploring the Carolina coast for Sir John Yeamans, sailed five miles up a “fair river” and came across “a canoe with two Indians.” They informed Sandford that this was the country of “Edistoh.”


The city of Charlestown was incorporated by Governor Nicholson.


In the Gazette, Christopher Gadsden wrote:

It seems amazing, and altogether unaccountable, that our mother country should take almost every means in her power, to drive her colonies to some desperate act; for what else could be the motive (besides oppressing them) of treating them with that contempt she upon all occasions affects to do?

1781-American Revolution

The American prisoners in the British ships in Charlestown harbor were exchanged, and sent to Philadelphia.

1822-Denmark Vesey Rebellion

Frederick Wesner and Capt. William Dove arrested Denmark Vesey at the “house of one of his wives,” most likely his former wife Beck.

1864-Bombardment of Charleston
Gen. Samuel Jones

Gen. Samuel Jones

Gen. Sam Jones (CSA) angrily replied to Gen. Schimmelfenneg’s assertions that the bombardment was aimed at military targets:

The fire has been so singularly wild and inaccurate that no one who has ever witnessed it would suspect its object … the shells have been thrown at random, at any and all hours, day and night …



Edmund Thorton Jenkins

Edmund Thorton Jenkins

Edmund Thornton Jenkins (Jenks) composition for grand organ and orchestra, Prelude Religieuse, was performed at the Queen’s Hall at the Royal Academy.  In a mere two years, Jenks had progressed to the point where his compositions were being performed at one of London’s leading concert halls. As the war raged across Europe, Jenks had something more important on his mind – his musical future.

Listen to one of Jenkins’ compositions, “Charlestonia: A Folk Rhapsody.” 

One thought on “Today In Charleston History: June 22

  1. Concerning 1864-Bombardment of Charleston. I know this is long but I believe it gives a good description of the firings into the city.

    The following is a first hand description of the firings on Charleston from an Union Officers diary that I posted in this groups file section. Notice the firings were indiscriminately into the city except when there was a fire. The last quote specifically says the firings “were aimed at the fires” within the city knowing people would be gathering their to put out the fires. I guess all is fair in war.

    Friday, July 29, 1864

    “Arrived at Charleston soon after daylight via Savannah. Our guns without the harbor are already at work.”

    Saturday, September 3, 1864

    “From our front piazza we can see the shells almost from their discharge after nightfall. They resemble precisely a shooting star moving gradually up into the sky until almost overhead and then coming rapidly down into the city.”

    Wednesday, September 28, 1864

    “Unusually rapid shelling of the city from several guns – grows more rapid during the evening.”

    Saturday, July 30, 1864

    “We are in the “In Range” section of Charleston. In range of both mosquitoes and shells. The former we hear and feel by night while we only hear the latter. But that both by night and day.”

    Saturday, September 17, 1864

    “Later – a fire broke out in an adjoining square just before twelve o’clock and raged until dark consuming a whole side of a square. Gen. Foster as is usual opened on the fire and one piece of shell coming through the roof and ceiling into the east room”


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