1771 – Births
William Johnson was born in Charleston. He would later serve as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
His father, William Johnson, was a revolutionary, and deported by Sir Henry Clinton to St. Augustine with other distinguished South Carolina patriots. [His mother, Sarah Johnson, née Nightingale, was also a revolutionary. During the siege of Charleston, she quilted her petticoats with cartridges, which she thus conveyed to her husband in the trenches.
The younger Johnson studied law at Princeton and graduated in 1790. He read law in the office of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney before passing the bar in 1793. Johnson was nominated to the U.S. Supreme Court by Thomas Jefferson on March 22, 1804, to a seat vacated by Alfred Moore. He was the first of Jefferson’s three appointments to the court, and is considered to have been selected for sharing many of Jefferson’s beliefs about the Constitution. Johnson was the first member of the U.S. Supreme Court that was not a member of the Federalist Party.
Johnson’s Row in Charleston on Queen Street, is named after him.
Lord Dartmouth, Secretary of State for the Colonies, congratulated Lt. Gov. Bull on his handling of the tea situation, saying the events in Charlestown:
altho not equal in criminality to the Proceedings in other Colonies, can yet be considered in no other light than that of a most unwarrantable insult to the authority of this Kingdom.
The Douglass Company opened the last theatrical season until after the Revolution in a newly constructed theater on Church Street (the Dock Street Theater had been destroyed in the 1740 fire). The Company performed seventy-seven plays and farces.
Governor Pickens, and South Carolina’s delegates in Washington, were shocked to discover that Major Anderson had broken the armistice and reinforced Fort Sumter during the night. They demanded federal troops be withdrawn immediately.
President Buchanan’s Secretary of War was notified that Major Anderson has violated the standing armistice, abandoned Fort Moultrie, and reenforced the previously abandoned Fort Sumter. (Act of War) Sec. J. B. Floyd asks for conformation of the violation directly from Major Anderson, and Anderson replied as follows:
CHARLESTON, December 27, 1860.
Hon. J. B. FLOYD, Secretary of War:
The telegram is correct. I abandoned Fort Moultrie because I was certain that if attacked my men must have been sacrificed, and the command of the harbor lost. I spiked the guns and destroyed the carriages to keep the guns from being used against us.
If attacked, the garrison would never have surrendered without a fight.
ROBERT ANDERSON, Major, First Artillery